Your climbing rope isn’t going to last forever, but how do you know when it’s time to retire it from use?
You should inspect it regularly to check for signs of wear and damage. If you see fuzzy spots, flat spots or any cuts or severe fraying, then it’s probably time to think about retiring your rope from use and replacing it with a new one.
It can be hard to know exactly when a rope is damaged to the point of being unsafe to use, but if you have any doubts, it’s better to be safe than to place yourself in danger.
Guidelines for Retiring a Climbing Rope
Your climbing rope becomes your lifeline and any indication that it could fail you on a climb signals the need to replace it with a new one without question.
Since it’s difficult to know precisely when a rope is going to fail, there are some basic rules to go by that are helpful for keeping you safe from rope failure.
After a big fall
If you have a big fall when you’re climbing, your rope has just gone through an experience that could cause serious damage in some spots. It’s important to check the rope thoroughly after it’s gone through the stress and tensions on the materials of a large fall.
When this happens, your rope is likely to have been pulled or rubbed against sharp rocks which can quickly cut through the fibers and weaken them. The weight of your body pulling the rope taut can cause it to break in places and even though you may not see the effects with your eyes, there may be weak areas after such an event.
It’s strongly recommended that you retire your climbing rope immediately after a big fall.
Frequently used (weekly)
If you use a climbing rope on a weekly basis, it’s going to get a lot of wear and tear. Even if you don’t see signs of damage, it’s recommended that you replace the rope within one year.
This is especially important if you do start to see signs of fraying or even small areas where the rope develops flat spots or looks like it’s been cut. It’s best not to trust a rope that has been damaged.
Often, the damage you see is just the tip of the ice burg. While the rope may not be torn or cut completely through, it may become weak in one or more spots. The weight of your body or the trauma of one big fall can cause it to break all the way.
Regular use (a few times each month)
If you only use the climbing rope a few times a month, it should be replaced every 1 to 3 years to be safe. Inspect your rope for any signs of wear or damage after each climb. You may be seeing a pattern by now.
The more frequently a rope is used, the shorter the time that you can depend on its reliability. If you check it out and it looks like it’s still in excellent condition, you should be okay for up to 3 years, but after this time has passed, there is likely to be stress, strain and weakening of the rope material in spots you can’t see, so go out and get a new one.
Occasional use (once a month)
If you only use your climbing rope once a month on average, then it should last from 4 to 5 years. Think of it this way, average the number of times you use the rope in a year’s time and if it averages out to around 12 in a year, you are an occasional user even if you use it 4 times in one month, 2 in the next and 6 in another.
Rarely use (once or twice a year)
If you only use your climbing rope a couple of times a year, it will probably be reliable for up to 7 years. If there are no signs of damage, the rope should maintain its integrity for this long, especially if you haven’t had any significant falls.
If you purchase a climbing rope and never use it, believe it or not, there is still a shelf life on it. The materials naturally break down over time, even if it’s never been used.
The best way to keep track of how long you’ve had a climbing rope and when it’s time to retire it is to record the date of purchase, keep a log of how often you’ve used it, any major falls and how severe they were. This will help you to determine when a rope is ready for retirement.